Predicting Spirit Activity:    The Effect of Investigator Mood & Energy Level on the Acquisition of EVP
Evidence During Spontaneous Case Investigations of the Battleship U.S.S. North Carolina.

Throughout history, in the search for answers, man has attempted to communicate with the dead.
As our understanding of science has advanced and modern communication methods have evolved,  great
strides have been made in contemporary methods of lab based Psi research.  
The most dramatic effect on Parapsychology Field Research occurred with the  invention of the portable audio
recorder, and with it,  the accidental discovery of anomalous sounds and voices  found on these recordings.
Field teams from around the world report the transfer  information was previously unknown to participants.
Many of these voices are believed to be messages from discarnate entities, a window into which we can now
explore what lies beyond death.
Listening to the voices of the dead has become common place, and no longer limited to the “psychically
gifted".  Conducting Electronic Voice Phenomena (EVP) sessions are now considered standard  for evidence
collection in paranormal field investigation.  Due to the resent popularity of amateur "Ghost Hunting". Far to
often those  involved with EVP recording remain untrained, and unaware of the  possibility or existence of
Psi.  As scientists, we must strive to recognise,measure or eliminate unknown variables that would influence  
our results.
As early as 1934, while at Duke University, J.B. Rhine recognised the importance of  the experimenter in early
testing. Rhine and others stressed the need for enthusiasm, interest and motivation on the part of the
experimenter to illicit positive results.

Hypothesis (H1) Positive mood and high personal energy levels correlate positively with increased frequency
of recorded “EVP” responses.
Null Hypothesis: (H01) No apparent correlation of EVP frequency and recorded mood and energy level of
Method: Quantitative-process Oriented Research

It is my intention to propose a pilot study to determine the correlation of experimenter effect( E-Psi) on
recorded EVP communications at a known haunted site.  It is our belief that the data will reflect positively on
our hypothesis, as positive mood, intention, and positive energy(E-Psi) on the part of the experimenter has
been observed to occur in lab setting, and would  function similarly during field research.  
Research data was collected during ten (10) paranormal investigations performed over four years aboard the
USS North Carolina. This project is based on a paper by R.A.White, that states"
that any one, or even all
participants  may influence investigation with unconscious or subconscious psi".
 Individual ratings are totaled
to provide a group E-psi effect, and compared with EVP Total.  Participants voluntarily  perform a self
assessment of personal mood and energy levels prior to each investigation.  At the conclusion of each
investigation,the investigators note locations of possible anomalies, personal observations, personal experiences,
and a final self assessment of personal energy level.
Individual ratings were totaled to provide a group E-psi effect, and compared with mean EVP calculated for
each member. Inclusion criteria for EVP samples include all EVP  reviewed and Rated A1 by PCP Core team
listening panel.
*Members of PCP Core team  are well seasoned investigators and continue their education in Parapsychology.  
Listening Panels are comprised of 4-5 core members with prior EVP review experience.
*PCP EVP classifications are a combination of the ATransC method for quality and clarity and the KM- EVP
method for content.
Boccuzzi, M & Beischel,J (2010) Objective Analysis of Reported Real-time Audio ITC and Matched Control Sessions.  Journal of Scientific Exploration Vol. 25, No.2,

Carroll, R.T. (2014) Article. Experimenter effect

White, R (1976) The Influence of Persons Other Than the Experimenter on the Subjects Scores in Psi Experiments. American Society of Psychical Research,Volume
70, April 1976, No. 2

White, R(1976)  The Limits of Experimenter Influence on Psi Test Results: Can Any Be Set?  Journal of American Society for Psychical Research, Vol 70, October
1976, Number 40

Windbridge Institute (2012) Research Brief: Interacting with the dead using Technology? Instrumental Trans-Communication Research

Kennedy, J E and Taddonio, J (1976) Experimenter Effects in Parapsychological Research, Journal of Parapsychology, 1976, Vol. 40, pp1-33.

Testing the Psi Hypothesis Experimenter Effects in Parapsychology. Article cited in Research Methods Psychology class (Nov. 2014) www.koestler-parapsychology.psy.

Palmer, J. (1997) The Challenge of Experimenter Psi. European Journal of Parapsychology, 13,110-122

Carpenter, JC (1968) Two Related Studies on Mood & Precognition. Journal of Parapsychology Vol. 32, pp 75-89

Blackmore, S, and Troscianko(1985) Belief in the Paranormal: Probability Judgements, Illusory Control and the ‘Chance Baseline shift’ British Journal of
Parapsychology (1985), 76, 459-468. Printed in Great Britain, British Parapsychological Society

Butler, T, (2004) Characteristic Test for EVP /bp/classifications. ATransC Journal

Bultler, T,(2004) ATransC Journal Psi Functioning Medium ship Research Articles Theory Best Practice Techniques A Testable Hypothesis Explaining EVP
Formulation in Digital Recorders. Based on a Hypothesis proposed by James Jones.(2004) AA-EVP NewsJournal

Kelly, D. & Mikkola (2007) KM EVP Classification.  Anomalous Research Association,
Port City Paranormal®
Research Projects
At Port City  we continue our parapsychological research, and present this synopsis of our work.   
Through these studies, we hope to provide additional information to those who dare to ask
"What Lies Beyond Life",  and  "Do we Survive Death"
We encourage other teams to contact us to submit information, collaborate, or request details to
conduct similar experiments.
Project BB55: 2009-2014
Hypothesis:  Communications increase over time as investigators become more familiar with the spirits and a
particular  site investigated multiple times.
Our hypothesis is based on observations of living human interactions over time. Conversations between
strangers may at first be limited, but with increased contact, comes an increase in familiarity and the likely
hood  of  more meaningful conversation.  (Assuming
both participants want to converse).
Qualitative analysis of active EVP responses recorded over five years (twenty investigations), were rated for
strength, content and clarity by listening panel.
Results: Plotted on a time line: EVP frequency varied widely, but the meaningfulness of content seemed to
increase slightly over time, suggesting familiarity may effect communication.
Please Note: All experimental variables could not be calculated or eliminated.  This study needs to be repeated
and compared with other teams investigating the Battleship using the same methods and parameters.
Ferry Plantation EVP Project:  with Dr M. Leary
Samples of EVP recorded at the Ferry Plantation House by nine independent paranormal teams were submitted
to a general evidence pool. Ninety nine EVP clips were randomly selected, transferred to discs, and distributed to
a listening panel, along with evaluation guides, and reporting forms.  Individual participants were instructed to fill
out questionnaire for each EVP segment.  Forms were returned  to Dr Leary and analyzed for agreement on
perceived content, speaker, clarity, individual words and possible  emotional content. Demographics associated
with listeners was also tabulated.  
For Dr Leary's articles  go to (2013).
Also see
Parapsychology: A Handbook for the 21st Century ( Part Seven- EVP page 341)
Ghost Box: Science or Gimmick?
Experiment collecting EVP during investigations using two and three methods simultaneously.
Hypothesis: We propose that devices adding audible sounds or words do not yield higher numbers of EVP (per
person over time)
No one has proven the origin of or method of information transfer of what we presently call  EVP, but we
question if discarnate spirit entities use these devices to communicate with the living.
*Only EVP classified as A1 by PCP listening panel were used for this experiment.  
Result:  Box sessions did not produce a greater number of EVP  than obtained during non-box sessions. (For
details contact
Researching Public Haunts:  Why does Port City Paranormal investigate commercial sites?
Public "ghost hunts" are affordable opportunities to tour  famous haunted sites, practice, and learn more about
paranormal phenomena.   Sites with previously documented activity can be beneficial to on going research.  Any
team can contribute to the data base, multiple experiments can be repeated, and as each team has their own
technique, we can compare not only our evidence, but also our methods.  
Where private home investigations are for the experienced investigators, we feel an open venue is the only place to
train new personnel,  try new methods, and  test equipment.
No matter where we search, each investigation is performed using only the highest standards.
The mystery may be unexplained, but something is happening. Understanding will only come from repeated  
observation and corroborated evidence.
The Experimenter Effect    Kennedy & Tonituno(1976) introduced  parapsychologists to the  "Psi
Experimenter Effect" (unintentional or unconscious Psi  directly affecting experiment outcome correlating to the
wishes or desires of the experimenter). The literature also suggests that experimenter PK  can also influence
laboratory trails.
In the same year, R. White published two papers dealing with the contamination of  psi testing not only by the
experimenter,  but also research personnel, interested observers.  
Rbt.Carroll (a self described "Hardened Skeptic")describes the effect of E-Psi as one of the "insurmountable
barriers to ever establishing Psi research on par with any other type of scientific endeavor.
In his paper
"The Challenge of Experimenter Psi "(1997), J. Palmer (Rhine Research Center) states "there is no
more reliable finding in parapsychology than the experimenter effect", and "Even without formal analysis, E-Psi is
widely excepted", noting  that  Psi conducive experimenters "develop a track record of success "in Psi, "while
inhibitory experimenters do not."  
S. Blackmore explored the additional effect of personal belief , mental state, as well as personal experience,  may
have on  Psi testing.  Unfortunately, no way has been found to conclusively prove or disprove experimenters
subconsciously use  E-Psi during  experiments or active EVP sessions in the field.
Palmer was further quoted by Wiseman & Schlitz in 1997 to say  "... the experimenter effect is the most important
challenge facing modern experimental parapsychology. It may be that we will not be able to make too much
progress in other areas of the field until the puzzle of the experimenter effect is solved".
Our study attempts to  learn  more about  EVP and the process of formation by tracking  one specific aspect(Mood
& Energy levels) of individual investigators and it's correlation to the  amount of evidence obtained.   Future
analysis may reveal,phenomena known as EVP may in reality be subconscious or unconscious psi by any or all
investigators present  during sessions, and not that of discarnate spirits.
Predicting Apparitions:   
This  study consists of three investigations of  a "haunted" Civil War Battlefield.   EVP are categorized as to type,
and compared for frequency.  Ideally, this triple phase study will be repeated during each annual reenactment,  
on each  anniversary of the Battle, and  on one randomly scheduled date.
Hypothesis 1: Anomalous activity (Apparitions/EVP contact) can be increased by using trigger objects to elicit  
Hypothesis 2: Anomalous activity  would increase during  investigations  performed on anniversary dates, or

Phase I: Our first visit was a randomly scheduled investigation.  The investigators were blind to the area's history
except  that a battle had been fought somewhere in the area.
Phase II: Investigation of the same site was performed during a historic reenactment of the battle.  We consider
the re-enactors to be " trigger objects" as they remained in uniform or period dress, living as they would have
during the actual battle. For this investigation, the team was aware of the history, and facts pertaining to the fall of
Ft. Fisher and eventual capture of the port of Wilmington.
Phase III: This investigation was performed on the anniversary of the Battle of Forks Road at both the Cameron
and Halyburton battlegrounds.   
The evidence from each investigation was individually analysed with no significant differences in rate or strength
of activity was noted.  Note: Elimination of all possible variables is especially difficult  for outdoor investigations.
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PortCity Paranormal