Psychic Reflections II
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Discarnate Communication – By Jc Anderson

No one can deny how electronics and computers have influenced parapsychological research. Although we are still
unable to replicate phenomena, we have the tools to record, catalog, compare, measure, and analyze phenomena as never
before.
Critical thinking and scientific testing is the backbone of new discoveries. It has been said that Thomas Edison
experimented with devices for spirit communication.

Virtually all “ghost-hunting” groups claim to be scientific and use a variety of creative methods to detect the presence of
spirits and ghosts. Scientific testing is the backbone of progress, but what seems to be missing is critical thinking. What is
the scientific rationale behind some of the gadgetry used to acquire evidence?

Can ghost boxes actually improve communications with the dead?

Many who have worked with these devices maintain they actually work, and believe them to be the greatest breakthrough
in spirit communication since the Ouija Board.   
Spirit boxes are nothing more than simple radios with a continuous scanning function. In the paranormal world, it is
widely believed the microsecond bursts of static and noise allow nonphysical beings from “the other side,” another time,
or possibly another dimension to communicate with the living by assembling random word fragments to form words. EVP
makers use software programs to shred sentences into small bits, to randomly play back  as background noise. 1
Parapsychologists believe some unidentified physical process is involved, but do not rule out EVP could “PK from the
living.” Researchers in Entropy Theory maintain a “random-to-order” process is highly improbable.  2
Skeptics cite human and environmental contamination as the largest source of misinterpretation. With the addition of box
noise, the recorded   ”messages” may be the result of accidental formation of random word bits, or the sounds produced
by the box causes audio pareidolia. Boxes with preprogrammed vocabularies only serve to increase the probability of
misinterpretation.  
Ghost detectors for sale
The sampling method was very small, and the experiment should be replicated by multiple independent researchers. 3
Our research found one group that performed an experiment to examine the living voices (as they asked questions)
during a recorded spirit box session.  They discovered the voices of the living are sometimes altered by the device
“making speech patterns sound choppy and manipulated”, and for this reason, they  “do not believe that ghosts and
spirits actually manipulate the audio fragments to form words to create messages”.  
That almost sounds scientific, but their conclusion is not based on their hypothesis. The distortion of living voices neither
proves, nor disproves a discarnate entity can manipulate electronic signals. The fact that important evidence (the device
altered the living human voice) is entirely overlooked.
Whatever the belief regarding the latest fad in spirit communication, understanding how your equipment works is vitally
important.
Spirit Boxes and EVP makers come in a wide range of electronic configurations, with each manufacturer describing their
product as a reliable tool for spirit communication. Various “ghost box” models sweep through either FM or AM radio
bands, producing a mix of white noise and audio fragments from general broadcasts. Retailers suggest these random bits
of sound are used by spirits to form words, and the messages are carried by static waves (Signal Transfer Theory).
The responses from some spirit boxes are reported to be similar to EVP (Electronic Voice Phenomena) with some
messages being entire sentences. Unfortunately, what the boxes produce  are not actually EVP in the classic sense, as the
noises or “words” produced are not voices, but random pieces of radio signals. In the best circumstances, academic
studies have found experienced EVP listeners disagree on the content of the clear EVP samples.4
One dealer of paranormal equipment stated, "At a haunted location, strong, erratic fluctuating EMFs are commonly
found. It seems these energy fields have some definite connection to the presence of ghosts. The exact nature of that
connection is still a mystery. However, the anomalous fields are easy to find. Whenever you locate one, a ghost might be
present, and erratic EMF fluctuations detected may indicate ghostly activity.” Although this information is nonsense, it
suggests the tool they are selling is essential for ghost investigating. New gimmicks for ghost hunting are often promoted
with the use of misdirection or disinformation.
Buyer Beware.    At least the EMF meter has been tested and proven to detect EMF fields (if not ghosts).

We wondered if box “output/noise” might actually interfere or mask natural messages. We devised several controlled
experiments to test this theory, but found no indication the electronic feed related to what was
So what is the science of the ghost box?    There is none.
Because the individuals who first discovered “spirit voices’ assumed that these communications were with the dead, that
notion has continued to be widely accepted. The reality is that no one has ever shown that any ghost box or equipment
actually detects, or facilitates communication with ghosts. To date, there have been no published studies or research
providing evidence of the usefulness or accuracy of spirit box transmissions.
Personally, I believe that some EVP may be due to PK from the living, but not all of them. Some of the information we
have received has no other explanation. We hear not just words, but the emotion and personalities of the speakers.
Spirit communication will always be controversial, but we need to base our research on known facts. The most important
tools in any investigation are a questioning mind and a solid understanding of scientific principles
   
 I do not believe everything can be explained in scientific terms, because it can’t.
       Even Einstein used the term “Spooky” to describe a physical phenomenon!    
                               
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 Origins of Exorcism

 Getting rid of troublesome spirits, sickness, and bad luck is common in many cultures; but it is difficult to trace the true
origins of exorcism. Contrary to popular belief, possession and exorcism are neither universal nor common to all religions
throughout time.

Our Paleolithic ancestors were hunter-gatherers living in small nomadic groups that left no written record of their beliefs.
However, intentional burial sites dating back to 300,000 years ago contain evidence early man believed in creator gods. In
Chauvet France, Paleolithic cave paintings (dating back to 13,000 years) are thought to be the earliest representations of
god-like beings.
With the emergence of farming during the Neolithic period, small communities gave rise to the earliest known forms of
writing and early religion. The ancient cults provided stability to populations, and, as it became more organized, served to
justify centralized authority, and the right to collect taxes.
Examples of the earliest religious writings include the Pyramid Texts of ancient Egypt. (2500-2400 BCE), but hardly a
trace of exorcism is found in Egyptian society. Babylonians believed that life in the underworld could be more bearable if
the surviving relatives made offerings of food and drink. If the relatives failed to make offerings, the ancestral ghosts would
become restless and bring sickness and misfortune on them.
Many cultures featured beliefs in Gods and Goddesses, with none being exclusively good or absolute evil. (Goddesses far
outnumbered male deities)
There were Gods of order and plenty, and Gods of destruction and chaos, each ruled according to whim. The same
ancient Gods that caused plague or famine could later favor humanity with good fortune.
The use of talismans, charms, incantations, sacrifices (against real or imagined attack by the Gods) or to placate spirits was
common throughout the ancient civilized world.
The god Phoebus (Apollo) was the God of Light, Art, and the Purifier of Earth, but also brought Plague. Beside the major
Gods, there were minor spirits such as Djinn, pagan Fairies, Brownies, and Sprites that held the secrets to great wealth and
magic, but would torment those misfortunate enough to seek their aide.
Good and evil was intertwined, the Gods and Goddesses of ancient times were for the most part ambivalent to human
affairs but, as a typical tricksters, also capable of constructive action in the cosmos.
Myth separated good phenomena with the Gods and Evil with horned deities. Scattered ethnic beliefs became absorbed
into to more organized religions that served to maintain peace and bond unrelated individuals.
Babylonian and Mesopotamian cultures blamed individual gods or ghosts for disease and other evils. Cures involve ritual
offerings, reciting prayers, wearing of amulets, salves, or potions.

Rabbi Gershon Winkler, an expert in Early Jewish folklore, stated that Jews have practiced versions of exorcism for
centuries to remove souls of the dead, not evil spirits. Rabbi G. Winkler is quoted to say that Jews do not believe in
demonic possession. The Kabbalah tells of spirts of the dead (dubbuk) who return to inhabit living persons to complete
unfinished business. Possession and attachment by departed spirits appear in the Old Testament (Samuel 8:10) The
Hebrew bible (Old Testament) book of Solomon discusses the king’s power over evil spirits making them build his
temple. The Dead Sea Scrolls include several incantations for exorcism, but are directed against disease causing spirits (
Healing).
Islamic texts also tell of Djinn, evil spirits that can invade the human body causing illness, pain, torment, and evil thoughts.
Only the possessed can expel Djinn by reciting passages from the Qur’an.
Hinduism: The Vedas scriptures tell of an evil spirits that can not only harm humans, but can also thwart the will of the
gods. Traditional Hindu exorcism includes such rituals as burning pig excrement, reciting prayers, and offering of sweets
to the Gods.
Pagans:  According to PAN President David Garland, Pagans see the devil as a Judeo-Christian invention, and do not
believe he exists. Pagan rituals “are no more dangerous than going to any church, temple, or mosque, and that exorcisms
endanger lives and physical safety.”
Pagans believe the Catholic Church is once again trying to create a moral panic about devil-worship and the occult. “This
kind of fear-mongering belongs in the Middle Ages, not in the 21st century.” Anyone worried that they might be
possessed by spirits should seek referral to a psychiatrist or other mental health expert, not a witch-doctor in a priest’s
collar.” According to 2006 Census, there were more than 40,000 Pagans of different denominations across Australia, “all
remarkably unaffected by demonic possession.”
Buddhism, Shinto, and many other eastern religions believe ghosts and spirits cause illness and must be cast out, but do
not consider it a battle for the soul of man.  
Shamanism: Spirits and or demons cause sickness by stealing souls. The shaman enters a trance state to search and recover
the soul, and drive out the demon.

Evolution of Exorcism
The word exorcism comes from the Greek word for oath (exousia). To rid someone of evil the demon or spirit is put “On
Oath” and the rite may range from a simple invitation to leave, to elaborate ceremonies of dance, trances, the use of holy
herbs, salt, or sometimes beatings.
The practice of Exorcism dates the very early ages of the Christian church, with the earliest depictions of Jesus curing the
sick and casting out entities appearing in the New Testament. It was thought that Jesus gave his disciples the power to
“triumph over evil” through his name.

Exorcists are mentioned only once in the New Testament (Acts 19:13).                       
“Recognizing the dangers of performing exorcisms,” the early Catholic Church began to approve certain individuals for
the task of expelling demons, but these men were not necessarily ordained, as the power of exorcism was considered a gift
from God.
The church of the second century, made it plain that the least little indiscretion could allow the devil to take over one’s
body.
In  medieval times, (fourth century AD)  healing and the exorcism of human spirits was still practiced, but the focus had
changed to the removal of demonic entities described as “a unclean devil who comes like a wolf upon sheep, ravening for
blood and ready to devour.”
A case in the sixth century makes note of a nun, who while walking in the garden picked and ate a piece of lettuce. The
nun  immediately became possessed by the devil because she forgot to ask a blessing!

The Catholic Encyclopedia defines exorcism as “the act of driving out, or warding off demons or evil spirits from places,
persons, or things which are believed to be possessed or infested by them, or are liable to become victims or instruments
of their malice.
Interestingly, the Christian church has always claimed to have a greater power of overcoming possession than any other
religion.
During the time of European colonization, Christians presented themselves throughout the world as exorcists of demons,
and exorcism remained a powerful missionary and propagandist weapon.
By the late 20th century, mainstream religion was in a decline. Governments like Communists in Eastern Europe and
China were both anti religious.
Prior to the release of W.P. Blatty’s novel and the movie “The Exorcist”(1973) the belief in possession and practice of
exorcism had almost become extinct. Because of this movie and its genre, exorcism has made a big comeback from nearly
fading in to church archives.
The release of “The Exorcist” movie coincides with the flood of reports of people suffering from the works of the devil.
Television and the media has led us to believe possession by Satan is frequent and widespread, but investigations of the
Roman Catholic Church have revealed that Ninety-eight % of these situations turn out to be fraud, deception, or over
active imaginations!

The increase interest in ghosts and demons has also coincided with the rise in Deliverance Ministries. Often confused
with exorcism, Deliverance ministries attribute physical, spiritual, and emotional problems to spirit oppression, and are
concerned with cleansing a person of demons  or evil spirits in order to address problems manifesting in their life, and
many feature ongoing counseling.
Deliverance ministries are not in any way connected to the Catholic Church.
Exorcisms use various rituals such the Roman Ritual (Ritual Romanum), often using holy water, or related sacraments.  
The rise of money-making "exorcism ministries" around the world has led many to outright reject the validity of the
Catholic view of demonic possession and the rites of exorcism.

Types of Roman Catholic exorcism:
Baptismal Exorcism - blessings an infant to cleanse it of evil resulting from original sin.
Simple Exorcism- blessing of a place or thing to rid it from evil influence.
Real Exorcism- performing the Rite of exorcism to rid a human being of diabolical possession.

Bibliography

Dybbuk, and  Magic of the Ordinary: Recovering the Shamanic in Judaism:
Rabbi Gershon Winkler  the Walking Stick Foundation: www.walkingstick.org.

Handbook of Parapsychology: B.B. Wolman Ed.

Harpers Encyclopedia of Mystic and Paranormal Experiences: R.E. Guiley

Exorcism Through the Ages: St Elmo Nauman Jr. Ph.D.

The Unquiet Dead: Edith Fiore

Psychical Research and Theology: W.R. Matthews. Journal of the Society of Psychical Research Jan. 1940